Importance of body posture in Old Age
Aging is a process more within the career of living beings, and each year there is a greater number of people who live to a long age and each generation does more than the previous. This has caused a change in the demographic pyramids, producing a transformation, reaching what is known as cone effect and the reason for all this lies in the search for welfare and stability.
Old age is today a serious problem worldwide, in super-exploited and colonized countries, this problem is not topical and it is simply because the inhabitants do not get old, the average life can be so low that it goes from 30 to 45 years, This tremendously accusatory. Knowing the elderly means being receptive to their needs and possibilities, giving confidence and security to provide a better space for personal fulfillment.
The body posture is part of our personality, it is a somatic description of the internal emotions of our psyche, we see ourselves, we stop as we feel and we want to act in a conscious or unconscious form adopting a certain position that is already part of us and of our environment in which we develop.
The development of body posture is a dynamic process that has a whole series of physical changes from its inception in the pregnant uterus, then in the early childhood phase, a child who starts walking, a young person who studies and develops, an adult who works and finishing in the third age. Each of these stages has its way of influencing and unfavorably modifying the human position if there is no social process with knowledge about the importance of posture for health.
Physical exercise practiced in the elderly regularly contributes to:
• Encourage the integration of the body schema.
• It promotes general well-being.
• Keep our senses more agile and attentive.
• Facilitate intergenerational relationships.
• Increase social contacts and social participation.
• Induce positive changes in the lifestyle of older adults.
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• Increase the quality of sleep.
• Decrease anxiety, insomnia, and depression.
• Reinforce intellectual activity, thanks to good cerebral oxygenation.
• To contribute in a great way to psycho-affective balance.
• Prevent falls.
• Increase aerobic capacity, muscle strength, and flexibility.
• Decrease the risk of cardiovascular disease.
• Make cardiac contraction more effective.
• Stop muscle atrophy.
• Promote joint mobility.
• Avoid bone decalcification.
• Increase the elimination of cholesterol, decreasing the risk of hypertension and arteriosclerosis.
• Reduce the risk of clot formation in the vessels and therefore thrombosis and embolism.
• Increase the respiratory capacity and oxygenation of the blood.
• Avoid obesity.